Nursing II expands on the previous concepts and competencies introduced in NURS111W. Students develop a comprehensive understanding of theory and practice skills for assessment, medication administration, and management of universal human needs in health promotion, education, documentation, and healthcare informatics. The course covers the holistic nursing care of patients and families during childbearing years, selected alterations in health across the life span, and the concepts of infection, immunity, and inflammation. Students develop increasing complexity in their abilities to critically think and clinically reason using the program's conceptual framework as a guide for practice. Simulation laboratory and clinical reinforce concepts from lecture and facilitate the continued development of critical-thinking and clinical-reasoning skills.